Confined Space

Permit Required Confined Space
a man on
Permit Required Confined Space Attendant
Duties of the Attendant

Paragraph (i) specifies the duties of the attendant. At least one attendant must be present outside the Permit Required Confined Space during the entry. The attendant role is frequently seen as a low-grade responsibility anyone can perform. In reality, the attendant has more duties listed than either the authorized entrant or the entry supervisor. The attendant must:

(1) Know the hazards.
(2) Know the behavioral effects of the hazards.
(3) Be able to identify the authorized entrants.
(4) Remain outside until relieved.
(5) Communicate with entrants.
(6) Monitor and evacuate entrants if necessary.
(7) Summon rescue.
(8) Warn away unauthorized persons.
(9) Be able to perform non-entry rescues.

In addition, the attendant may not undertake any additional duty that might interfere with these primary safety-related duties. 

Permit Required Confined Space Entrant
Duties of the Authorized Entrant

The duties of the authorized entrant are specified in paragraph (h). Authorized entrants are employees who are authorized by the employer to enter a permit space. Authorized entrants must:

(1) Know the hazards associated with confined space entry, and in particular, the hazards associated with the  Permit Required Confined Space being entered.
(2) Know how to use all required equipment.
(3) Know the procedures for communication with the attendant.
(4) Know how to alert the attendant of hazardous or prohibited conditions.
(5) Know how to exit the space if necessary (that is, self rescue). 

Permit Required Confined Space Rescue

This course is designed to meet the training demands of 29 CFR 1910.146 (k) and NFPA 1670. 24 to 40 hours of intensive classroom and field instruction insures that your facility’s confined space rescue team will be proficient in the basic skills needed to safely and efficiently perform entry rescues in your workplace. Topics covered in the program include assessment of confined space hazards, atmospheric monitoring, confined space rescue equipment use and limitations, knots, vertical and horizontal hauling, lowering systems, personal protective equipment and patient packaging. 


This course is designed for those in plant rescue teams which may have to respond to both confined space and high angle rescue situations, a common hazard for many industrial facilities. With most of the course being dedicated to field “hands-on” activities, the student hones skills that were learned in the basic course, as well more advanced skills that are crucial to safe and effective rescue work. Topics of instruction in which the student will participate include: anchor development, knot tying refreshment, load and force factors, repelling, self rescue, pick offs and advanced rigging techniques such as high-lines 

Permit Required Confined Space Supervisor
Duties of the Entry Supervisor

The duties of the entry supervisor are specified in paragraph (j). The entry supervisor is responsible for determining whether acceptable entry conditions exist, authorizing the entry, overseeing entry operations, terminating the entry, and canceling the entry permit. The entry supervisor represents the employer and is accountable for entry operation safety. If the entry supervisor is properly trained and equipped, he or she may also serve as an authorized entrant or attendant. The entry supervisor must:

(1) Know the hazards.
(2) Verify safe entry conditions.
(3) Terminate entry and cancel permit.
(4) Verify availability and effectiveness of rescue services.
(5) Remove unauthorized persons.
(6) Ensure acceptable entry conditions are maintained. 

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